In press

  • Cousijn, J., Kuhns, L., Larsen, H., & Kroon, E. For better or for worse? (in press). A pre‐post exploration of the impact of the COVID‐19 lockdown on cannabis users. Addiction.
  • Cousijn. J., Ridderinkhof, K.R., Kaag, A.M. (in press). Sex-dependent prefrontal cortex activation in regular cocaine users: a working memory fMRI study. Addiction Biology.
  • Hickman, M., Cousijn, J., Marsden, J., Hines, L., & Day, E. (in press). Promoting Addiction Science after Brexit–what can Addiction and SSA do and what does UK government need to do? Addiction.
  • Cao, Z., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group, Garavan, H. (in press). Mapping cortical and subcortical asymmetries in substance dependence: Findings from the ENIGMA Addiction Working Group. Addiction Biology.
  • Navarri, X., Afzali, M. H., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group (in press). How do substance use disorders compare to other psychiatric conditions on structural brain abnormalities? A cross‐disorder meta‐analytic comparison using the ENIGMA consortium findings. Human Brain Mapping.
  • Kong, X., ENIGMA Laterality Working Group, Francks, C. (in press). Reproducibility in the absence of selective reporting: An illustration from large-scale brain asymmetry research. Human Brain Mapping.
  • Hahn, S., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group, Garavan, H. (in press). Predicting alcohol dependence from multi‐site brain structural measures. Human Brain Mapping.
  • Rabin, R. A., Mackey, S., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group (in press). Common and gender-specific associations with cocaine use on gray matter volume: data from the enigma addiction working group. Human Brain Mapping.


  • Rossetti, M. G., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group, Lorenzetti, V. (2021). Gender-related neuroanatomical differences in alcohol dependence: findings from the ENIGMA Addiction Working Group. NeuroImage: Clinical30, 102636.
  • Grace, S., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group, Lorenzetti, V. (2021). Sex differences in the neuroanatomy of alcohol dependence: hippocampus and amygdala subregions in a sample of 966 people from the ENIGMA Addiction Working Group. Translational Psychiatry. 11, 156.
  • Ma, L., Hettema, J. M., Cousijn, J., Bjork, J. M., Steinberg, J. L., Keyser-Marcus, L., Woisard, K., Lu, Q., Roberson-Nay, R., Abbate A, Moeller, F. G. (2021). Resting-state directional connectivity and anxiety and depression symptoms in adult cannabis users. Biological psychiatry: cognitive neuroscience and neuroimaging. 6(5), 545-555.
  • Cousijn, J. (2021). Legal cannabis—what’s in it? Addiction. 116(2), 131-132.
  • Rossetti, M.G., ENIGMA Addiction Working Group, Lorenzetti, V. (2021). Sex and dependence related neuroanatomical differences in regular cannabis users: findings from the ENIGMA Addiction Working Group. Translational Psychiatry. 11, 272.
  • Kuhns, L. N., Kroon, E., Filbey, F., Cousijn, J. (2021). Unraveling the role of cigarette use in neural cannabis cue reactivity in heavy cannabis users. Addiction Biology. 26(3), e12941.
  • Kroon, E., Kuhns, L. N., Cousijn, J. (2021). The short-term and long-term effects of cannabis on cognition: recent advances in the field. Current Opinion in Psychology. 38, 49-55.


  • Cousijn, J., Green, K. H., Labots, M., Vanderschuren, L. J. M. J., Kenemans, J. L., Lesscher, H. M. B. (2020). Motivational and control mechanisms underlying adolescent versus adult alcohol use. NeuroSci. 1(1), 44-58.
  • Chye, Y. Y., Mackey, S.,ENIGMA Addiction Working Group (2020). Subcortical surface morphometry in substance dependence: An ENIGMA addiction working group study. Addiction Biology. 25(6), e12830.
  • Dunkerbeck-van Kampen, A., Cousijn, J., Rinck, M., Engel, C., Dijkstra, B. A. G. (2020). Attentional bias, craving and cannabis use in an inpatient sample of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cannabis use disorder: the moderating role of cognitive control. Addictive Behaviors. 100, 106126.
  • Groefsema, M. M., Mies, G. W., Cousijn, J., Engels, R. C. M. E., Sescousse, G., Luijten, M. (2020). Brain responses and approach bias to social alcohol cues and their association with drinking in a social setting in young adult males. European Journal of Neuroscience. 51(6), 1491-1503.
  • Hindocha, C., Cousijn, J., Rall, M., & Bloomfield, M. A. P. (2020). The Effectiveness of Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Systematic Review. Journal of dual diagnosis. 16(1), 120-139.
  • Kroon, E., Kuhns, L., Hoch, E., & Cousijn, J. (2020). Heavy Cannabis Use, Dependence and the Brain: A Clinical Perspective. Addiction. 115(3),559-572.
  • Lorenzetti, V., Chye, Y., Suo, C., Walterfang, M., Lubman, D. I., Takagi, M., … & Seal, M. (2020). Neuroanatomical alterations in people with high and low cannabis dependence. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 54(1), 68-75.


  • Chye, Y., Lorenzetti, V., Suo, C., Batalla, A., Cousijn, J., Goudriaan, A. E., … Solowij, N. (2018). Alteration to hippocampal volume and shape confined to cannabis dependence: a multi-site study. Addiction Biology. 24(4), 822-834.
  • ENIGMA Addiction Working Group (2019). Mega-Analysis of Gray Matter Volume in Substance Dependence: General and Substance-Specific Regional Effects. The American Journal of Psychiatry176(2), 119-128.
  • Peeters, M., & Cousijn, J. (2019) Development of alcohol use. In S. Hupp, & J. Jewell (Eds.), The encyclopaedia of child and adolescent development. Chicester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Gorey, C., Kuhns, L., Smaragdi, E., Kroon, E., & Cousijn, J. (2019). Age-related differences in the impact of cannabis use on the brain and cognition: a systematic review. European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience. 269(1), 37-58.
  • Taylor, M., Cousijn, J., Filbey, F. (2019). Determining risks for cannabis use disorder in the face of changing legal policies. Current Addiction Reports. 6(2019), 466-477.
  • Chye, Y., Suo, C., Lorenzetti, V., Batalla, A., Cousijn, J., Goudriaan, A. E., … Yücel, M. (2019). Cortical surface morphology in long-term cannabis users: A multi-site MRI study. European Neuropsychopharmacology29(2), 257-265.


  • Labots, M., Cousijn, J., Jolink, L. A., Kenemans, J. L., Vanderschuren, L. J. M. J., & Lesscher, H. M. B. (2018). Age-Related Differences in Alcohol Intake and Control Over Alcohol Seeking in Rats. Frontiers in Psychiatry9, [419].
  • Cousijn, J., & van Duijvenvoorde, A. C. K. (2018). Cognitive and Mental Health Predictors of Withdrawal Severity During an Active Attempt to Cut Down Cannabis Use. Frontiers in Psychiatry9, [301].
  • Kong, X-Z., Mathias, S. R., Guadalupe, T., ENIGMA Laterality Working Group. (2018). Mapping cortical brain asymmetry in 17,141 healthy individuals worldwide via the ENIGMA Consortium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America115(22), E5154-E5163.
  • Cousijn, J., Núñez, A. E., & Filbey, F. M. (2018). Time to acknowledge the mixed effects of cannabis on health: a summary and critical review of the NASEM 2017 report on the health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids. Addiction113(5), 958-966.
  • Leeman, R. F., Nogueira, C., Wiers, R. W., Cousijn, J., Serafini, K., DeMartini, K. S., … O’Malley, S. S. (2018). A Test of Multisession Automatic Action Tendency Retraining to Reduce Alcohol Consumption Among Young Adults in the Context of a Human Laboratory Paradigm. Alcoholism – Clinical and Experimental Research42(4), 803-814.
  • Cousijn, J., Luijten, M., & Feldstein Ewing, S. W. (2018). Adolescent resilience to addiction: a social plasticity hypothesis. The Lancent Child & Adolescent Health2(1), 69-78.


  • Chye, Y., Solowij, N., Ganella, E. P., Suo, C., Yücel, M., Batalla, A., … Lorenzetti, V. (2017). Role of orbitofrontal sulcogyral pattern on lifetime cannabis use and depressive symptoms. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry79(B), 392-400.
  • Weckler, H., Kong, G., Larsen, H., Cousijn, J., Wiers, R. W., & Krishnan-Sarin, S. (2017). Impulsivity and approach tendencies towards cigarette stimuli: Implications for cigarette smoking and cessation behaviors among youth. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology25(5), 363-372.
  • Chye, Y., Solowij, N., Suo, C., Batalla, A., Cousijn, J., Goudriaan, A. E., … Yücel, M. (2017). Orbitofrontal and caudate volumes in cannabis users: a multi-site mega-analysis comparing dependent versus non-dependent users. Psychopharmacology234(13), 1985-1995.
  • Cousijn, J., Hessels, R. S., Van der Stigchel, S., & Kemner, C. (2017). Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Gap-Overlap Task in 10-Month-Old Infants. Infancy22(4), 571-579.
  • Koenders, L., Lorenzetti, V., de Haan, L., Suo, C., Vingerhoets, W. A. M., van den Brink, W., … Cousijn, J. (2017). Longitudinal study of hippocampal volumes in heavy cannabis users. Journal of Psychopharmacology31(8), 1027-1034.
  • Prashad, S., Milligan, A. L., Cousijn, J., & Filbey, F. M. (2017). Cross-Cultural Effects of Cannabis Use Disorder: Evidence to Support a Cultural Neuroscience Approach. Current Addiction Reports4(2), 100-109.


  • Koenders, L., Cousijn, J., Vingerhoets, W. A. M., van den Brink, W., Wiers, R. W., Meijer, C. J., … de Haan, L. (2016). Grey Matter Changes Associated with Heavy Cannabis Use: A Longitudinal sMRI Study. PLoS ONE11(5), [e0152482].
  • Lobbestael, J., Cousijn, J., Brugman, S., & Wiers, R. W. (2016). Approach and avoidance towards aggressive stimuli and its relation to reactive and proactive aggression. Psychiatry Research240, 196-201.
  • Lorenzetti, V., Alonso-Lana, S., Youssef, G. J., Verdejo-Garcia, A., Suo, C., Cousijn, J., … Solowij, N. (2016). Adolescent cannabis use: What is the evidence for functional brain alteration? Current pharmaceutical design22(42), 6353-6365.
  • Lorenzetti, V., Batalla, A., & Cousijn, J. (2016). Cannabis Use Disorders and Altered Brain Morphology: Where is the evidence? Current Addiction Reports3(2), 189-198.
  • Lorenzetti, V., & Cousijn, J. (2016). Cannabis use disorders and brain morphology. In V. R. Preedy (Ed.), Neuropathology of drug addictions and substance misuse. – Vol. 1: Foundations of Understanding, tobacco, alcohol, cannabinoids and opioids (pp. 773-785). London: Elsevier Inc. [details]
  • Lorenzetti, V., Cousijn, J., Solowij, N., Garavan, H., Chao, S., Yücel, M., & Verdejo-García, A. (2016). The neurobiology of cannabis use disorders: A call for evidence. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience10(86).
  • Mackey, S., Kan, K-J., Chaarani, B., Alia-Klein, N., Batalla, A., Brooks, S., … Conrod, P. (2016). Genetic imaging consortium for addiction medicine: From neuroimaging to genes. Progress in Brain Research224, 203-223.
  • Vingerhoets, W. A. M., Koenders, L., van den Brink, W. P., Wiers, R. W., Goudriaan, A. E., van Amelsvoort, T., … Cousijn, J. (2016). Cue-induced striatal activity in frequent cannabis users independently predicts cannabis problem severity three years later. Journal of Psychopharmacology30(2), 152-158.


  • Lindgren, K. P., Wiers, R. W., Teachman, B. A., Gasser, M. L., Westgate, E. C., Cousijn, J., … Neighbors, C. (2015). Attempted training of alcohol approach and drinking identity associations in US undergraduate drinkers: null results from two studies. PLoS ONE10(8), [e0134642].
  • Cousijn, J. (2015). Embracing comorbidity: a way towards understanding the role of motivational and control processes in cannabis use disorders. Frontiers in Psychology6, [677].
  • Cousijn, J., & Filbey, F. (2015). New approaches to treating cannabis dependence: from neuroscience to practice. In S. W. Feldstein Ewing, K. Witkiewitz, & F. M. Filbey (Eds.), Neuroimaging and psychosocial addiction treatment: an integrative guide for researchers and clinicians (pp. 97-110). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Cousijn, J., van Benthem, P., van der Schee, E., & Spijkerman, R. (2015). Motivational and control mechanisms underlying adolescent cannabis use disorders: a prospective study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience16, 36-45.
  • Brom, M., Laan, E., Everaerd, W., Spinhoven, P., Cousijn, J., & Both, S. (2015). The influence of emotion down-regulation on the expectation of sexual reward. Behavior Therapy46(3), 379-394.
  • Kong, G., Larsen, H., Cavallo, D. A., Becker, D., Cousijn, J., Salemink, E., … Krishnan-Sarin, S. (2015). Re-training automatic action tendencies to approach cigarettes among adolescent smokers: a pilot study. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse41(5), 425-432.
  • Van den Boomen, C., Jonkman, L. M., Jaspers-Vlamings, P. H. J. M., Cousijn, J., & Kemner, C. (2015). Developmental changes in ERP responses to spatial frequencies. PLoS ONE10(3), [e0122507].


  • Cousijn, J., Luijten, M., & Wiers, R. W. (2014). Mechanisms underlying alcohol-approach action tendencies: the role of emotional primes and drinking motives. Frontiers in Psychiatry5, 44. [44].
  • Cousijn, J., Vingerhoets, W. A. M., Koenders, L., de Haan, L., van den Brink, W., Wiers, R. W., & Goudriaan, A. E. (2014). Relationship between working-memory network function and substance use: a 3-year longitudinal fMRI study in heavy cannabis users and controls. Addiction Biology19(2), 282-293. [details]
  • Cousijn, J., Zanolie, K., Munsters, R. J. M., Kleibeuker, S. W., & Crone, E. A. (2014). The relation between resting state connectivity and creativity in adolescents before and after training. PLoS ONE9(9), e105780.
  • Cousijn, J., Koolschijn, P. C. M. P., Zanolie, K., Kleibeuker, S. W., & Crone, E. A. (2014). The relation between gray matter morphology and divergent thinking in adolescents and young adults. PLoS ONE9(12), e114619. [e114619].
  • Cousijn, J., Wiers, R. W., Ridderinkhof, K. R., van den Brink, W., Veltman, D. J., & Goudriaan, A. E. (2014). Effect of baseline cannabis use and working-memory network function on changes in cannabis use in heavy cannabis users: a prospective fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping35(5), 2470-2482.
  • Larsen, H., Kong, G., Becker, D., Cousijn, J., Boendermaker, W., Cavallo, D., … Wiers, R. (2014). Implicit motivational processes underlying smoking in American and Dutch adolescents. Frontiers in Psychiatry5, 51. [51].
  • Schulte, M. H. J., Cousijn, J., den Uyl, T. E., Goudriaan, A. E., van den Brink, W., Veltman, D. J., … Wiers, R. W. (2014). Recovery of neurocognitive functions following sustained abstinence after substance dependence and implications for treatment. Clinical Psychology Review34(7), 531-550.
  • Gainsbury, S. M., Blankers, M., Wilkinson, C., Schelleman-Offermans, K., & Cousijn, J. (2014). Recommendations for international gambling harm-minimisation guidelines: comparison with effective public health policy. Journal of Gambling Studies30(4), 771-788.
  • Koenders, L., Machielsen, M. W., van der Meer, F. J., van Gasselt, A. C., Meijer, C. J., van den Brink, W., … de Haan, L. (2014). Brain volume in male patients with recent onset schizophrenia with and without cannabis use disorders. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience39(6), 140081. [140081].


  • Beraha, E. M., Cousijn, J., Hermanides, E., Goudriaan, A. E., & Wiers, R. W. (2013). Implicit associations and explicit expectancies toward cannabis in heavy cannabis users and controls. Frontiers in Psychiatry4, 59. [59].
  • Cousijn, J., Snoek, R. W. M., & Wiers, R. W. (2013). Cannabis intoxication inhibits avoidance action tendencies: a field study in the Amsterdam coffee shops. Psychopharmacology229(1), 167-176.
  • Cousijn, J., Goudriaan, A. E., Ridderinkhof, K. R., van den Brink, W., Veltman, D. J., & Wiers, R. W. (2013). Neural responses associated with cue-reactivity in frequent cannabis users. Addiction Biology18(3), 570-580.
  • Cousijn, J., Watson, P., Koenders, L., Vingerhoets, W. A. M., Goudriaan, A. E., & Wiers, R. W. (2013). Cannabis dependence, cognitive control and attentional bias for cannabis words. Addictive Behaviors38(12), 2825-2832.
  • Cousijn, J., Wiers, R. W., Ridderinkhof, K. R., van den Brink, W., Veltman, D. J., Porrino, L. J., & Goudriaan, A. E. (2013). Individual differences in decision making and reward processing predict changes in cannabis use: a prospective functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Addiction Biology18(6), 1013-1023.
  • Watson, P., de Wit, S., Cousijn, J., Hommel, B., & Wiers, R. W. (2013). Motivational mechanisms underlying the approach bias to cigarettes. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology4(3), 250-262.


  • Cousijn, J., Goudriaan, A. E., Ridderinkhof, K. R., van den Brink, W., Veltman, D. J., & Wiers, R. W. (2012). Approach-bias predicts development of cannabis problem severity in heavy cannabis users: results from a prospective FMRI study. PLoS ONE7(9), [e42394].
  • Cousijn, J., Wiers, R. W., Ridderinkhof, K. R., van den Brink, W., Veltman, D. J., & Goudriaan, A. E. (2012). Grey matter alterations associated with cannabis use: results of a VBM study in heavy cannabis users and healthy controls. NeuroImage59(4), 3845-3851.


  • Cousijn, J., Goudriaan, A. E., & Wiers, R. W. (2011). Reaching out towards cannabis: approach-bias in heavy cannabis users predicts changes in cannabis use. Addiction106(9), 1667-1674.
  • Schmaal, L., Berk, L., Hulstijn, K. P., Cousijn, J., Wiers, R. W., & van den Brink, W. (2011). Efficacy of N-acetylcysteine in the treatment of nicotine dependence: a double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study. European Addiction Research17(4), 211-216.
  • Veeneman, M. M. J., Boleij, H., Broekhoven, M. H., Snoeren, E. M. S., Guitart Masip, M., Cousijn, J., … Vanderschuren, L. J. M. J. (2011). Dissociable roles of mGlu5 and dopamine receptors in the rewarding and sensitizing properties of morphine and cocaine. Psychopharmacology214(4), 863-876.